Sixteen million children under five die from HIV in the United States, according to a study released Tuesday by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
The latest study of more than 6,500 children in the U.S. found that HIV transmission to their parents is higher among children living with HIV.
The CDC is also publishing a new study that will track children with HIV for at least five years.
The research is part of the CDC’s new National Network to Prevent HIV and the Care of Persons Living with HIV, or NHANCP, a partnership between the CDC and the American Red Cross.
The new study, which the CDC said will be released in September, will examine a variety of factors including household income, access to health care, household income and whether HIV was previously diagnosed in the family.
The study is the first of its kind to assess the impact of HIV infection on children.
The Centers for Diseases Control and Infectious Diseases is releasing a study on how to raise children with an HIV-positive parent.
The National Network, which has been tracking children for the past two decades, is one of the first organizations to provide parents with information about the disease.
In the study, published in the journal Pediatrics, researchers found that parents who are living with an infected person have a 1.9-percent higher risk of HIV transmission.
For children who are at least two years old, the risk is 1.3 percent higher, and for children younger than two, the increased risk is 5.1 percent.
The increased risk for parents who have an HIV infection is not statistically significant, the researchers said.
The researchers used data from the National Survey of Families and Households, which is part from the NHANP, and a second study from the CDC.
Both studies showed that parents with an infection have a 5.4 percent higher risk for HIV transmission than noninfected parents.
The higher risk was found among children younger at the time of infection.
The second study showed a similar rate of infection among children who live with a parent who is living with a known or suspected HIV-infected person.
Researchers said the increased transmission was not seen among children from families that were infected previously.
The authors said that while there are many reasons why an infected parent might transmit the virus, the main reason is because the child’s family members and friends are living in close proximity and have more opportunity to be exposed to HIV.
“There is an increasing awareness of the risk of transmitting HIV to those living with their parents, and the public health community is responding to that awareness by increasing education and outreach efforts,” Dr. Robert M. Siegel, director of the National Center for HIV, STD and TB Prevention, said in a statement.
“As the CDC continues to improve prevention efforts, we will continue to look at ways to increase awareness of HIV in children.”